Comprehensive Guide to XBRL Filing Requirement in Singapore

Comprehensive Guide to XBRL Filing Requirement in Singapore

Comprehensive Guide to XBRL Filing Requirement in Singapore

XBRL filing is a mandatory requirement for many companies in Singapore, playing a vital role in the realm of financial reporting. This guide dives deep into the requirements, preparation and process of XBRL filing, equipping you with the essential knowledge and steps to navigate the entire filing process, ensuring a smooth and compliant submission for your company.

What Is XBRL Filing?

XBRL stands for Extensible Business Reporting Language. It’s a standardised format requirement when incorporated companies submit their financial statements electronically to regulatory bodies such as Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority (ACRA) in Singapore.

Why Is XBRL Filing Mandatory in Singapore?

XBRL filing is mandatory for incorporated companies in Singapore, as mandated by the ACRA to enhance transparency, comparability, and efficiency for both regulatory bodies and companies. Traditional paper-based financial statements can be difficult to analyse and compare due to variations in format and presentation. With its standardised tagging system, XBRL ensures consistent data representation across companies.

XBRL Filing Deadlines

To ensure that your XBRL filing is successful, you must be mindful of the deadlines according to ACRA regulations.

The standard deadlines vary between listed companies and non-listed companies:

  • Listed Companies: These companies must file their XBRL data within 5 months from the end of the financial year.
  • Non-Listed Companies: Non-listed companies have a slightly longer grace period, with filings due within 7 months from the end of their company’s financial year.

If you require additional time to file, you can apply for an extension through the ACRA’s online platform. However, it’s recommended to submit your filing within the standard deadlines to avoid potential penalties.

Penalties for Non-Compliance

Failing to comply with XBRL filing deadlines or requirements in Singapore can result in penalties from ACRA.

These penalties may include:

Late filing fees
ACRA imposes a fee of S$300 for late filing within 3 months after the due date. However, the fees can increase progressively the longer the filing is overdue, up to S$600 for filing that is due more than 12 months after the deadline.
Compliance notices
ACRA may issue compliance notices requiring corrective action within a specific timeframe.
Disqualification of Directors
Directors of companies have a duty to ensure that the financial statements and annual returns are filed on time. A director who is convicted of three or more filing related offences under the Companies Act within a period of five years will be disqualified as a director, under S155 of the Companies Act.
Striking Off
Persistent non-compliance can lead to the company being struck off the register, meaning it will cease to exist as a legal entity.

Exemptions from XBRL Filing

While XBRL filing is a mandatory requirement for many companies in Singapore, certain entities are exempted from this requirement.

These exemptions include:

  • Solvent Exempt Private Companies (EPCs): These companies are smaller and privately held and have the flexibility to choose to file their financial statements in traditional PDF format.
  • Singapore Branches of Foreign Companies: Foreign companies operating branches in Singapore are not required to file in XBRL. They can submit their financial statements in PDF format to align with their headquarters’ reporting practices.
Financial statements

What Are the Types of XBRL Formats and Their Filing Requirements?

There are various XBRL filing format types, including full XBRL, simplified XBRL, and XBRL FSH for banks or insurers. However, their requirements vary.

The following is a breakdown of these common formats:

Company TypeXBRL FormatDescriptionFiling Requirements (XBRL Taxonomy 2022)
-Listed companies


-Companies with corporate shareholders


-Companies with more than 20 individual shareholders


-Non-listed companies that are not considered smaller companies and publicly accountable

Full XBRLCaptures comprehensive company information in primary statements and selected notes.Balance sheet, income statement, financial statement highlights, auditor’s report, director’s report (selected sections).
-Non-listed companies that are considered as smaller companies and publicly accountable


-Dormant companies


-Companies limited by guarantee (NPOs, Charities)

Simplified XBRLCaptures essential information on financial performance and position.Balance sheet, income statement, statement of changes in equity (may vary).
Banks & Financial Institutions regulated by the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS)XBRL FSHFocuses on financial statement highlights.Requirements vary based on the size and nature of the institution, typically including a balance sheet, Income statement, cash flow statement, notes to the financial statements, and regulatory reporting.
Licensed Insurers regulated by the MASXBRL FSH (for Insurers)Similar to banks and financial institutions, but with specific insurance details that helps insurance companies comply with regulatory requirements.Balance sheet, income statement, cash flow statement, schedules, supplementary information (premiums, claims, reserves, etc.).

Preparing for XBRL Filing

Whether you need to file for simplified XBRL, full XBRL, or other format types, it’s crucial to prepare ahead to ensure a smooth and efficient process. Follow the below steps for your preparation.

  • Understanding the XBRL Taxonomy: The XBRL Taxonomy serves as a standardised dictionary, defining the specific tags used to represent financial data elements in your filings. Familiarise yourself with the available tags, the tag hierarchies such as parent-child relationships, and industry-specific tags outlined in the taxonomy.
  • Mapping Financial Statement Data to XBRL Tags: Achieve accurate mapping by carefully matching financial statement line items to XBRL tags.
  • Learning the Tools Available for XBRL Filing: The BizFinx Preparation Tool  is a free software provided by ACRA for XBRL filing. It can help you map the data, validate the XBRL file, and generate reports to prepare the XBRL financial statements.

XBRL Filing Process

Once you have prepared your XBRL files, you can start navigating the actual filing process by following the below step-by-step guide to ensure every requirement is fulfilled:

  1. Log in to Bizfile+
  2. Select your Profile
  3. Click ‘File eServices’
  4. Select ‘Local Company’
  5. Click ‘Annual Filing’
  6. Select ‘Filing of Annual Return by Local Company’ for companies with FYE before 31 Aug 2018 or ‘Filing of Annual Return by Local Company (For FYE from 31 Aug 2018)’
  7. Enter your company UEN and click ‘Next’
  8. When the E-Form is displayed, verify your company information, select the necessary fields, attach your supporting documents, review and submit.
XBRL Filing Process

Common Errors and Troubleshooting

Even with careful preparation, errors during the XBRL filing process are still a possibility.

The following are some of the common pitfalls you may encounter and should be careful of:

  • Incorrect Tagging of Financial Data Elements:  This occurs when financial data elements are matched with the wrong XBRL tags within the taxonomy.
  • Missing or Incomplete Information: Incomplete data submissions and mapping to inappropriate XBRL tags can lead to filing rejections.
  • Technical Glitches During Upload:  Technical issues during the upload process can sometimes disrupt filing.  These glitches range from internet connectivity problems to compatibility issues between your XBRL software and the ACRA’s online platform.

Apart from gaining a thorough understanding of XBRL Taxonomy, paying meticulous attention while filling in information for submission, and backing up your XBRL file, ACRA provides a troubleshooting guide for users, serving as a helpful reference for them to navigate any technical challenges.

How Can BoardRoom Help You with Fulfilling XBRL Filing Requirements In Singapore?

Understanding XBRL filing requirements ensures timely compliance for submission. Familiarising yourself with the different XBRL formats, exemptions, and potential pitfalls are important to avoid the penalties of non-compliance of your annual return filing.

As a leading provider of corporate solutions, including XBRL services, BoardRoom’s dedicated team of experts can ensure your XBRL filing requirements are fulfilled with a streamlined process to enable accurate, efficient, and timely submission.

  • Expertise and efficiency: BoardRoom has dedicated XBRL specialists who can ensure accuracy, compliance, and timeliness.
  • Software access: With access to advanced XBRL software, we help you streamline the process and reduce errors.
  • Cost-effectiveness: While there are upfront costs, outsourcing can save time and resources in the long run, especially for complex filings.
  • Local knowledge: Our expert team understands the specific requirements of ACRA and can navigate any potential challenges.
  • Peace of mind: Outsourcing allows you to focus on your core business activities while ensuring your XBRL FS are compliant and filed accurately

Contact BoardRoom today to learn more about our XBRL conversion and filing services, and how we can ensure a smooth and efficient XBRL filing experience for your business.

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The Comprehensive Guide to Filing Annual Returns in Singapore

The Comprehensive Guide to Filing Annual Returns in Singapore

The Comprehensive Guide to Filing Annual Returns in Singapore

The filing and submission of annual returns to the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority (ACRA) is considered a necessary part of a company’s governance in Singapore and a legal requirement for all registered companies.

Many companies view annual filings as just another legal obligation, but according to Samantha Tai, Head of Corporate Secretarial, Asia of BoardRoom Group, it can play a role in the company’s governance which ultimately leads to the company’s overall success and sustainability, “Completing your corporate annual filing should not be treated as simply another legal obligation. Whilst the process may seem challenging, it serves to provide stakeholders with a concise view of the company’s governance. It can also be viewed as an opportunity to showcase your company’s commitment to compliance, accountability and transparency.”

In this guide, we help you understand the fundamentals of filing annual returns, including their significance, steps in annual filing and key considerations to ensure a smooth filing process.

What Is an Annual Return?

An annual return is an electronic form that every Singapore-registered company must lodge with ACRA in Singapore annually. It gives a comprehensive overview of your company’s current corporate structure, financial status, and compliance with local regulations, which provide critical information that helps the company’s stakeholders to make informed decisions.

The Importance of Annual Returns

Filing annual returns is a regulatory requirement in Singapore. It is also a critical practice in maintaining the integrity of Singapore’s corporate environment. These filings allow ACRA’s database to remain updated, providing stakeholders with the transparency they need and getting hold of accurate information about a company’s operational status.

For companies, staying compliant with annual return filings can help them avoid late lodgement penalties and reinforce stakeholder confidence in their corporate governance standards.

Filing an Annual Return

Who Needs to File an Annual Return?

All entities registered in Singapore are mandated to file annual returns with ACRA, which include the following:

  • Private and public companies
  • Foreign companies
  • Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs)

This wide-ranging requirement enables the government to provide a transparent and accountable corporate environment across all types of business entities.

What Are the Required Documents for Filing Annual Returns?

There are a number of documents and information required for the filing annual returns; they include, but are not limited to:

  • Company Information: This should include your company’s name, Unique Entity Number (UEN) number, and registered address.
  • Principal activities of Company: You will need to confirm whether there are any changes to your company’s primary and secondary business activities.
  • Details of Company Officers: These include the full names, identification numbers (for Singapore residents), and nationality (for non-Singapore residents) of your company’s directors and secretary.
  • Shareholder Details & Share Capital: This section should detail your company’s shareholders and outline the share capital structure.
  • Financial statements required: Annual returns must be filed together with financial statements in XBRL format (unless exempted), and companies must ensure these documents are prepared accurately and in compliance with the Singapore Financial Reporting Standards (SFRS):
    • Statement of Financial Position (Balance Sheet)
    • Statement of Comprehensive Income (Profit & Loss)
    • Statement of Cash Flows
    • Statement of Changes in Equity

You are required to appoint an auditor to have your Financial Statements audited if your company meets any TWO of the following conditions:

  • Has 50 or more employees
  • Has total assets that exceeds S$10 million
  • Has total annual revenue that exceeds S$10 million
Financial statements audit

Commonly Asked Questions on Annual Return Filing

What is the Deadline of Annual Returns Filing?
Every Singapore-incorporated company must file its annual returns within a specific timeframe. Listed companies must file within 5 months from the date of its Financial Year End (FYE), while non-listed companies must file within 7 months of its FYE.
Do I need to hold an AGM and when should it be held?
Listed companies are required hold their AGM within 4 months after FYE. Non-listed companies are required to hold their AGM within 6 months after FYE.

Private companies may not need to hold an AGM if they meet any of these criteria:
  • if all members have approved a resolution to dispense with the holding of AGMs;
  • if the company sends their financial statements to members within 5 months after the FYE; or
  • if the company is a private dormant relevant company that is exempt from preparing financial statements.
What are the Penalties for late Annual Return Filings?
A late lodgement penalty of up to $600 for each late annual return filing will be imposed on companies.
What are the Penalties of holding AGMs?
A penalty of minimum composition sum of $500 for each late AGM will be imposed on companies.
Step-by-Step Guide for Filing Annual Return on BizFile+

Step-by-Step Guide for Filing Annual Return on BizFile+

The filing of Annual Returns must be done through BizFile+, the official online filing and information retrieval system managed by the ACRA. Basically, BizFile+ is a central hub for all corporate regulatory transactions and the filing of business documents in Singapore.

Access to BizFile+ requires you to possess a Singpass or CorpPass, which acts as a secure digital identity for businesses and individuals to conduct online transactions with government agencies.

To ensure a streamlined and efficient filing process of annual returns, here are the steps you can follow:

  1. Start by visiting BizFile+ and log in using your Singpass or CorpPass credentials.
  2. Once logged in, proceed to your company’s profile by either searching for your company by name or registration number.
  3. Within your company’s BizFile+ dashboard, locate and select the option to file an annual return.
  4. Certain sections of your annual return may already be filled based on previous filings. Review this information carefully and update it if necessary.
  5. Depending on your company’s type, size and financial reporting requirements, you may need to upload additional documents, such as audited financial statements.
  6. Once all information has been reviewed and the necessary documents uploaded, submit your annual return.

What Are some Additional Key Considerations You Should Know about Annual Returns Filing?

There are several key considerations that you should be mindful of, to ensure a smooth process of filing annual returns.

Accurate and up-to-date information
Ensure the completeness of the required documents and that all information submitted in your Annual Filing are accurate and up-to-date. You can extract the latest company search from ACRA to identify gaps (if any) so as to reduce penalty or rectification fee.
Plan ahead
Prepare early to avoid late lodgement fee. Set internal deadlines for gathering information, reviewing documents, and completing the necessary documentation to avoid last-minute rushes.
Stay Informed
Keep abreast of any changes to regulatory requirements or filing procedures that may affect your annual filing obligations. Subscribe to updates from ACRA or consult with your company secretarial services provider if you are using one.
Apply for Extension of Time if necessary
Applying for an extension of time prior to the stipulated deadline can be a useful option, if unforeseen circumstances arise that may delay your ability to submit required documents by the stipulated deadline. ACRA requires 14 days to process the application of extension, so you should apply for the extension more than 14 days before your filing deadline.
ACRA provides resources and support for companies requiring assistance with their annual returns filings. You can also enlist the help of a professional corporate secretarial services provider, such as BoardRoom, to help you with the process of filing annual returns.

How Can BoardRoom Support Your Annual Return Filing Process in Singapore?

For businesses operating in Singapore, filing annual returns on time is essential. In addition to being required by law, it also showcases a company’s commitment to corporate responsibility and transparency. Timely and correct submissions facilitate maintaining a company’s reputation.

With 50 years of proven track record and expertise in corporate services, BoardRoom offers you comprehensive support in navigating the complexities of ACRA annual return filings, XBRL conversion, and AGM meeting management.  With our integrated services, you can be assured of streamlined coordination and synergy that ensures all your compliance requirements are met.

Contact BoardRoom today for a tailored solution that is customised to your requirements.

Contact BoardRoom for more information:


Samantha Tai

Regional Managing Director, Corporate Secretarial

E: [email protected]

T: +65 6536 5355

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What is Payroll Software?

What is Payroll Software

What is Payroll Software?

Payroll software is a digital solution that automates and simplifies various tasks associated with managing employee compensation. It streamlines the entire payroll process, saving time and resources for businesses of all sizes. Companies in Singapore rely on efficient payroll systems to ensure timely and accurate payments to their employees while adhering to strict government regulations.

This guide dives deep into the features of an effective payroll software, how such systems can revolutionise payroll management, touching on the challenges faced by companies and showcasing the transformative power of automation in handling complex tasks like tax compliance, CPF contributions and more.

Key Features of Payroll Software in Singapore

To address the challenges of payroll management commonly encountered by many employers, businesses utilise payroll software that offers a suite of the following essential features to streamline the payroll process.

Automated Payroll Processing
Keeping employee data accurate and up-to-date in the payroll system can be an uphill task, especially for businesses with more than 50 employees, or those with a high employee turnover rate. A payroll system automates multiple payroll and calculation processes, such as employee pay based on the hours worked, pay rates and overtime pay, bonuses, deductions, tax, or payroll-related approval procedures.
Generation of Payslips and Reports
The software generates payslips detailing the breakdown of salaries, allowances, deductions, and net pay for each employee. Not only would the employee be able to check their own payslip, it can also generate comprehensive reports for management’s analysis, reducing the administrative burden on the HR team.
Automated CPF (Central Provident Fund) Calculations and e-Submission
The Central Provident Fund (CPF) is a mandatory social security savings scheme in Singapore. Employers and employees need to remit these contributions in line with current guidelines. A payroll software automatically calculates and manages CPF contributions for both employees and employers, aligning with the latest government rates. It helps to streamline automated CPF calculations and easily integrate with CPF Board e-Submission service
Leave and Attendance Tracking
The payroll software tracks employee leave requests, approvals, and remaining leave balances. Its integration with attendance management systems can enable payroll calculations based on actual working hours, making sure the company is following the employment regulations for remuneration and leave entitlements.
Integration with Third-Party Systems
The payroll software can integrate seamlessly with other HRMS systems. This allows for automatic data transfer between systems and eliminates duplicate entries. In addition, as payroll software maintains comprehensive records of employee payroll data, tax information, and payment history, they can be easily accessed and used for internal analysis, financial reporting, and auditing purposes, reducing the manual effort required for record keeping and reporting.
Security and Data Privacy Considerations
A good payroll software should possess security features to protect sensitive employee data such as salaries, bank account details and CPF contributions. They are also likely to be OSPAR and PDPA compliant with ISAE 3402 certification, and supported by ISO27001-certified data centres to ensure that data security is not compromised.
Key Features of Payroll Software in Singapore

Considerations for Choosing Payroll Software in Singapore

Choosing the right payroll software requires you to consider various factors, which include:

Business Requirements and Scalability

Assess both your immediate and long-term business requirements. Opt for a software that can accommodate your organisation’s size, sector, and payroll complexity. It should be able to scale with your business. Look for versatility in handling different compensation structures, bonuses, and system integrations to support expansion, both locally and globally.

Cost and Budget Considerations

The cost structure of payroll software varies. It can be a subscription-based flat rate or per-employee pricing, or a combination of both, among others. Review your financial constraints to select a model that is optimal for your needs..

User-Friendliness and Customisation Options

Prioritise user-friendly software that is straightforward for HR staff and employees alike, featuring an intuitive design and accessible training materials. Consider customisation capabilities to tailor the software to your processes and reporting requirements.

Integration Capabilities with Existing Systems

Confirm the software’s compatibility with your current HRMS or time-tracking systems to ensure effortless data interchange and reduce manual input and inaccuracies.

Vendor Reputation and Customer Support

Select a provider known for dependable and secure services in Singapore. Assess their customer support’s responsiveness and effectiveness, including response timeframes and the available support methods.

Streamlined Implementation and Comprehensive Training

A payroll software should be easily implemented while aligned with your company’s needs for the methodical installation and customisation of the system. An effective installation or transition process should include data migration to ensure continuity and accurate calculations of salaries, allowances and deductions, alongside comprehensive training for HR teams and users.

How Can BoardRoom Help You with Our Payroll Software?

Choosing the right payroll software is crucial for any business. Manual payroll processing is time-consuming and error-prone, with risks of regulatory non-compliance. Automation through payroll software simplifies tasks and enhances process efficiency, allowing HR staff to dedicate more time to strategic efforts.

Consider a payroll software that fits your business needs, budget, and desired features, such as the BoardRoom Ignite payroll software. It streamlines payroll for businesses of all sizes in Singapore.  Our software automates calculations, deductions, and filings, ensuring accuracy and compliance. With true multi-country payroll processing ensuring full statutory compliance with local legislation in 10 countries and regions across Asia, Ignite’s plans allows your business to scale with confidence.

Ignite payroll software

BoardRoom Ignite Payroll Software Packages

BoardRoom Ignite offers three pricing packages to cater to different business needs:

PlanModules IncludedDescriptionStarting Price per Month*
EssentialPayroll & HRSave time and increase accuracy with these essential business functions. Suitable for small businesses with basic payroll needs.S$320
ProfessionalPayroll, HR & LeaveIncrease payroll productivity and drive value for your employees. Offers additional features like leave accrual management and customizable reports.S$570
EnterprisePayroll, HR, Leave, Claims, Time & AttendanceIncrease efficiency and productivity with a consolidated view of all offices. Designed for large companies with complex cross-border payroll requirements, offers advanced features and integrations.S$1,140

*Please note that a one-off setup fee is required for the above plans.

Book a demo today to experience a seamless payroll experience.

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What Are the Key Benefits of Outsourcing Accounting Services?

What Are the Key Benefits of Outsourcing Accounting Services

What Are the Key Benefits of Outsourcing Accounting Services?

Outsourcing accounting services is a smart strategy for businesses looking to optimise their financial management processes. By assigning accounting tasks to external service providers, organisations can enjoy many advantages that can enhance operational efficiency, mitigate risks, and drive growth. In this article, we explore the key benefits of outsourcing accounting services.

Definition of Outsourcing Accounting Services

Outsourcing accountancy services involves hiring external professionals or firms to handle various financial tasks traditionally managed in-house. These tasks include bookkeeping, financial reporting, tax preparation, payroll processing, and compliance with regulatory requirements.

Cost Savings

Outsourcing accounting services results in significant cost savings for businesses through:

Reduction in Labour Costs
Outsourced accounting removes the need for hiring and retaining full-time accounting staff, and, as a result, reducing payroll expenses and associated benefits.
Elimination Of Overhead Expenses
By outsourcing, businesses avoid overhead costs related to maintaining accounting infrastructure, including office space, equipment, and software licences.
Access to Specialised Skills Without Hiring Full-Time Employees
Outsourcing grants access to a pool of specialised accounting professionals without incurring the cost of recruiting and training full-time employees.
Cost Savings

Improved Focus on Core Business Activities

Outsourcing accounting tasks allows businesses to concentrate on core business functions by:

Delegation of Non-Core Tasks
By outsourcing routine accounting functions, organisations can redirect internal resources towards strategic initiatives and revenue-generating activities.
Increased Efficiency and Productivity
External accounting firms possess the expertise to manage accounting processes efficiently, enhancing overall productivity and operational efficiency.
More Time and Resources for Strategic Decision-Making
With accounting tasks outsourced, management can devote time and resources to strategic decision-making, driving business growth and innovation.

Access to Expertise and Technology

Outsourcing accounting services provide access to expertise and technology, including: 

Access To a Team of Experienced Professionals
Outsourced accountancy services offer a dedicated team of experienced professionals well-versed in accounting best practices and industry regulations.
Keeping Up With Changing Regulations And Industry Standards
External providers stay abreast of evolving accounting regulations and industry standards, ensuring compliance and mitigating regulatory risks.
Utilisation Of Advanced Accounting Software and Tools
Outsourcing partners leverage advanced accounting software and tools to make processes more efficient, enhance accuracy, and provide real-time financial insights.
Expertise and Technology

Scalability and Flexibility

Outsourcing accounting services offers scalability and flexibility by:

Ability To Scale Accounting Services Up or Down Based on Business Needs
Outsourced providers offer flexible service agreements, allowing businesses to adjust accounting services in response to changing business requirements.
Flexibility To Adapt to Seasonal or Cyclical Demands
Outsourcing enables businesses to scale accounting operations during peak periods or scale back during off-peak seasons, optimising resource utilisation.

Enhanced Data Security and Confidentiality

Outsourcing accounting services bolster data security and confidentiality through:

Protection of Sensitive Financial Information
Outsourced providers implement strong security measures to safeguard sensitive financial data from unauthorised access or breaches.
Compliance With Data Security Regulations and Standards
External accountancy services adhere to strict data security regulations and industry standards, ensuring compliance and mitigating security risks.
Minimising The Risk Of Internal Fraud or Data Breaches
Outsourcing reduces the risk of internal fraud or data breaches by implementing secure protocols and access controls.
Data Security and Confidentiality

Risk Mitigation

Outsourcing accounting services contribute to risk mitigation by:

Shared Responsibility with the Outsourcing Provider
Outsourcing partners share accountability for accurate financial reporting and regulatory compliance, reducing operational risks for businesses.
Access To Risk Management Expertise
External providers offer expertise in risk management and internal controls, helping businesses identify and mitigate potential financial risks.
Improved Accuracy and Compliance with Financial Reporting
Outsourced accounting services enhance the accuracy and reliability of financial reporting, ensuring compliance with regulatory requirements and industry standards.

Streamlined Processes and Reporting

Outsourcing accounting services improves processes and reporting by: 

Standardisation of Accounting Processes
Outsourcing partners implement standardised accounting processes and workflows, enhancing efficiency and consistency across financial operations.
Timely and Accurate Financial Reporting
External providers deliver timely and accurate financial reports, enabling businesses to make informed decisions and monitor financial performance effectively.
Access to Real-Time Financial Insights
Outsourced accountancy services leverage advanced reporting tools to provide real-time financial insights, empowering businesses with actionable data for strategic planning and decision-making.

How Can BoardRoom Help You?

BoardRoom offers comprehensive outsourcing solutions tailored to meet your accounting needs. Our experienced professionals deliver cost-effective and efficient accounting services, allowing you to focus on driving business growth and innovation.

BoardRoom’s specialised accountancy services are designed to ensure accuracy, efficiency, and compliance with local laws and regulations. Our certified chartered accountants and finance professionals possess the skills and expertise to handle a wide range of accountancy tasks, including bookkeeping, financial reporting, tax preparation, and compliance reporting for companies in Singapore.

By outsourcing your accountancy services to BoardRoom, you can be confident that your company operates safely and efficiently, with confidence in the accuracy and integrity of your financial records.

Our trained and knowledgeable staff stay updated with the latest regulations and requirements, ensuring that your business remains compliant and well-prepared for any regulatory changes.

Partner with BoardRoom to leverage our expertise, technology, and commitment to excellence in financial management. For more information on how BoardRoom can assist you with your accountancy needs, contact us for a quote now.

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What Factors Should Businesses Consider When Choosing the Right Accounting Firm?

What Factors Should Businesses Consider When Choosing the Right Accounting Firm

What Factors Should Businesses Consider When Choosing the Right Accounting Firm?

In this guide, we explore the important factors businesses should consider when selecting the right accounting firm to manage their financials effectively.

Importance of Choosing the Right Accounting Firm

Choosing the right accounting firm is important for businesses. Accounting firms manage the financials of the company, ensure regulatory compliance, and provide strategic guidance. By partnering with the right firm, businesses improve operations, make informed decisions, and achieve their long-term objectives. The right accounting firm serves as a trusted advisor, offering invaluable insights and support for sustained success and growth.

Services Offered

When choosing an accounting firm, assessing the range of services offered is essential.

Assess the Range of Accounting and Financial Services Provided
Determining if the accounting firm offers a comprehensive range of services, including accounting and bookkeeping, preparation of financial statements, filing of annual return and tax preparation, can meet your company’s current needs and accommodate future growth.
Determine If the Firm Offers Cross-border Services That Align With Your Needs
Identifying any cross-border requirements within the business will be a factor when selecting the right accounting firm. Firms that provide global accounting, or international tax planning and advisory allows businesses to access the depth of expertise and resources available that can support them effectively.
Consider Additional Services Like Tax Planning and Consulting
Exploring proactive tax planning strategies and consulting services enable businesses to optimise their tax position, minimise liabilities, and make informed financial decisions.
Industry Knowledge and Expertise

Industry Knowledge and Expertise

When selecting an accounting firm, industry-specific knowledge and expertise are key factors to consider.

Understand the Firm’s Understanding of Your Industry’s Unique Accounting Requirements
Businesses should evaluate the accounting firm’s familiarity with industry-specific accounting standards, regulations, and reporting requirements to ensure the effective delivery of tailored solutions.
Evaluate the Firm’s Knowledge of Relevant Regulations And Compliance Standards
Ensuring that the accounting firm stays updated on regulatory changes and updates relevant to the industry is important for maintaining compliance and minimising risks associated with non-compliance.

Reputation and Experience

When selecting the right accounting firm, businesses must prioritise the service provider’s reputation and experience.

Research the Firm’s Reputation and Track Record
Before making a decision, businesses should thoroughly research the accounting firm’s reputation by examining client testimonials, reviews, and industry accolades to confirm its reliability and trustworthiness.
Evaluate the Firm’s Experience in Serving Businesses In Your Industry
Businesses need to evaluate the accounting firm’s experience in assisting enterprises similar in size, industry, and complexity to ensure they have the expertise and resources to address industry-specific challenges effectively.
Check for Any Relevant Certifications or Accreditations
Verifying that the accounting firm holds relevant certifications, such as Certified Public Accountant (CPA) or industry-specific accreditations, is important to ensure compliance with professional standards and quality assurance.
Reputation and Experience

Team and Staffing

The way the team works together and how they interact with clients play an important role in the effectiveness of an accounting firm.

Evaluate the Qualifications and Experience of the Firm’s Professionals
Reviewing the credentials and industry experience of the firm’s professionals ensures the availability of a diverse team with the expertise necessary to meet business needs effectively.
Determine the Firm’s Staff-To-Client Ratio and Availability of Resources
Assessing the firm’s ability to utilise resources effectively enables businesses to determine if it can scale its team and services according to their evolving requirements effectively.
Assess the Firm’s Approach to Client Communication and Relationship Management
Evaluating the firm’s communication protocols and responsiveness ensures proactive communication and personalised attention to client needs effectively.

Cost and Value

Understanding the financial aspects of engaging with an accounting firm is essential for businesses to make informed decisions.

Understand The Firm’s Fee Structure and Pricing Models
Requesting a transparent breakdown of the firm’s fee structure enables businesses to clarify the scope of services covered accurately.
Evaluate the Value Provided in Relation to The Cost
Assessing the overall value proposition offered by the firm enables businesses to consider the quality of service and expertise effectively.
Consider the Potential for Long-Term Cost Savings and ROI
Identifying opportunities to improve financial performance helps businesses see how partnering with the firm can make a difference.

Client References and Reviews

When considering an accounting firm, it’s important for businesses to gather insights from other clients and assess the firm’s reputation.

Seek References from Current or Past Clients of The Firm
Requesting client references allows businesses to validate the firm’s ability to deliver results effectively.
Read Online Reviews and Testimonials
Evaluating the firm’s reputation and credibility enables businesses to consider the overall sentiment effectively.
Consider Feedback on The Firm’s Responsiveness and Client Satisfaction
Assessing proactive problem-solving and commitment to client satisfaction enables businesses to evaluate service quality effectively.

Accessibility and Communication

Evaluating how well the communication style and accessibility is crucial for seamless collaboration when choosing an accounting firm.

Determine If the Firm’s Communication Style Matches Your Preferences
Assessing how communication is conducted ensures compatibility with businesses’ preferences.
Assess The Firm’s Responsiveness to Inquiries, Requests and Consultations
Assessing the firm’s responsiveness to inquiries and requests allows businesses to evaluate proactive engagement effectively.
Consider The Ease of Collaboration and Compatibility with Your Team
Considering if your team works well together is important. A single point of contact helps in ensuring that collaboration can be maximised in the most efficient manner.
Accessibility and Communication

Technology and Tools

In today’s digital age, the use of technology is crucial for efficient accounting processes.

Assess the Firm’s Use of Accounting Software and Technology
Inquiring about the accounting firm’s technology infrastructure, including accounting software and cybersecurity measures, ensures efficient technology integration into its workflow.
Determine If the Firm Is Up to Date with Industry Trends and Advancements
Evaluating the accounting firm’s commitment to staying current with emerging technologies and industry trends enables businesses to leverage technology-driven solutions effectively.
Consider the Firm’s Ability to Leverage Technology for Efficiency and Accuracy
Assessing how the accounting firm uses technology in its workflow enables businesses to evaluate its ability to deliver tangible benefits effectively.

Security and Confidentiality

Maintaining strong security measures and upholding client confidentiality is important for any accounting firm.

Ensure The Firm Has Robust Data Security Measures in Place
Inquiring about data security protocols ensures compliance with industry regulations effectively.
Evaluate The Firm’s Policies Regarding Client Confidentiality
Reviewing confidentiality agreements ensures strict confidentiality effectively.
Consider Any Compliance Requirements Specific to Your Industry
Discussing compliance requirements ensures industry-specific expertise effectively.

How Can BoardRoom Help?

With over 50 years of track record and more than 7,300 clients globally, BoardRoom offers a full suite of outsourcing solutions tailored to meet your accounting needs. Our experienced professionals and certified chartered accountant ensure accuracy, efficiency, and compliance with local laws and regulations. Their expertise includes bookkeeping, financial reporting, tax planning and advisory, and compliance reporting for companies in Singapore.

Don’t take our word for it – read what our clients say about our services. For more information on how BoardRoom can assist you with your accountancy needs, contact us for a quote now.

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ESG Reporting Essentials – Your Guide to ESG Reporting in Singapore

ESG Reporting Essentials – Your Guide to ESG Reporting in Singapore

ESG Reporting Essentials – Your Guide to ESG Reporting in Singapore

In Singapore, ESG reporting is rapidly becoming a norm amongst businesses, driven by heightened investor and consumer interest in sustainability and ethical practices. For listed companies, the Singapore Exchange (SGX) introduced a phased approach to mandatory climate reporting on a ‘comply or explain’ basis, based on the recommendations of the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (“TCFD”). From 2027 fiscal year, large non-listed companies with annual revenue of at least SGD 1 billion and total assets of at least SGD 500 million will be required to make climate disclosures.

Besides regulatory requirements, ESG reports are increasingly influential in guiding decisions, fostering positive transformations, mitigating avoidable risks, and enhancing trust and transparency. In this article, we explore the basics of ESG reporting, its importance, different frameworks, and best practices for successful implementation.

What is ESG?

Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) serves as a framework extensively employed to assess the sustainability and ethical footprint of a company’s operations and policies. It includes criteria that investors, stakeholders, and organisations examine when evaluating and disclosing a company’s non-financial performance. ESG elements offer a comprehensive perspective for assessing companies, focusing on their environmental impact, social contributions, and governance standards within the community.

Understanding ESG Reporting in Singapore

ESG reporting involves transparently sharing standardised details about a company’s sustainability initiatives, objectives, and advancements to underscore its dedication to ethical business conduct. This enables stakeholders to understand the extent of a company’s sustainability efforts.

Operating within the ESG framework, sustainability reporting enables companies to highlight their endeavours in tackling environmental issues, fostering social accountability, and instating effective governance measures. It serves as a channel for companies to communicate their sustainability strategies, objectives, and achievements to investors, clientele, workforce, and the broader community.

Understanding ESG Reporting in Singapore

Distinguishing ESG from Sustainability Reporting in Singapore

Although ESG and sustainability share overarching objectives, they diverge in their reporting approaches.

ESG reporting entails a set of criteria used by investors, stakeholders, and organisations to assess a company’s non-financial performance. It evaluates a company’s environmental, social, and governance practices and their implications for long-term sustainability and risk management. Factors such as climate change initiatives, employee relations, board composition, executive compensation, and risk mitigation strategies are examined.

On the other hand, sustainability reporting takes a comprehensive approach, considering the long-term sustainability of the planet, society, and economy. It aims to meet current needs while ensuring future generations can meet their own. This involves evaluating businesses’ impacts on the environment and implementing strategies to enhance resilience, resource efficiency, and social progress.

Significance of ESG Reporting in Singapore

Prioritising ESG reporting holds significance for organisations in Singapore, as it can enhance corporate reputation and help mitigate potential risks. In 2016, the Singapore Exchange (SGX) introduced the Sustainability Reporting Guide, making it mandatory for all listed companies to disclose their sustainability practices on a ‘comply or explain’ basis.

Environmental Sustainability Overview in Singapore
Singapore prioritises environmental sustainability with a range of initiatives aimed at mitigating environmental impact and promoting conservation efforts. Organisations are urged to reduce their environmental footprint in daily operations by cutting down on carbon emissions, preserving natural habitats, and conserving water resources. These actions align with Singapore’s national sustainability goals and contribute to efforts in combating climate change.
Social Responsibility in Singapore
In Singapore, social responsibility include initiatives such as promoting fair labour practices, fostering diversity and inclusion in employment practices, and ensuring ethical supply chain management. ESG reporting may include the company’s strategies for employee well-being, community outreach programs, and adherence to human rights principles. These demonstrate the company’s commitment to fostering a socially conscious and inclusive business environment.
Regulatory Governance in Singapore
The regulatory framework in Singapore is evolving to prioritise ESG reporting. Examples include the Singapore Exchange (SGX) Listing Rules and the Environmental Protection and Management Act. These regulations urge organisations to disclose their ESG performance. The SGX Listing Rules require listed companies to disclose material ESG risks and their management strategies. Additionally, the Environmental Protection and Management Act sets standards for environmental compliance. By adhering to these regulations and adopting ESG reporting, organisations in Singapore can ensure legal compliance, mitigate reputation-related risks, and showcase strong governance practices.
Common ESG Reporting Frameworks in Singapore

Common ESG Reporting Frameworks in Singapore

Industries in Singapore have increasingly adopted diverse ESG frameworks in recent years. These are some of the prevalent reporting frameworks.

Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) in Singapore

GRI is a globally acknowledged reporting framework that offers guidelines for organisations to report their economic, environmental, and social impacts. It provides a comprehensive range of indicators and metrics enabling organisations to gauge and disclose their ESG performance. In Singapore, many companies leverage the GRI framework to compile their sustainability reports, enhancing their credibility and enabling comparisons. 

Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB) in Singapore

Another notable framework is SASB, which offers industry-specific guidelines for reporting financially significant ESG information. The SASB standards are customised to each sector, concentrating on the ESG matters most important to them. By following SASB standards, organisations in Singapore can customise their ESG reporting to suit their industry’s requirements and fulfil the expectations of investors and stakeholders.

Task Force on Climate-Related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) in Singapore

The TCFD framework has garnered attention in Singapore as well. It provides a framework for organisations to evaluate and reveal climate-related risks and opportunities. It prompts companies to disclose details concerning governance, strategy, risk management, and metrics and targets on climate change. Employing ESG reporting in this manner allows organisations to showcase their readiness for climate risks and their efforts to transition toward a low-carbon economy.

The benefits of a robust ESG strategy

Effective Approaches for ESG Reporting in Singapore

In ESG reporting, it’s crucial to adhere to certain principles when sharing insights with stakeholders.

Materiality Assessment
Identify, analyse, and report pertinent ESG issues that align with the company’s industry, business model, and stakeholder interests. Conduct thorough due diligence during data collection to ensure the accuracy of your reporting.
Clear and Transparent Reporting
Deliver transparent and concise ESG disclosures that stakeholders can easily access. Opt for standardised frameworks like the GRI, SASB or TCFD to ensure consistency and comparability of reports across industries.
Stakeholder Engagement
Engage with stakeholders to understand their expectations and concerns regarding ESG matters. Regularly communicate and solicit feedback from investors, employees, customers, local communities, and other important stakeholders to address their interests effectively.
Integration with Governance and Business Strategy
Integrate ESG considerations into the organisation’s governance framework and decision-making processes. Ensure that the board of directors and executive leadership prioritise and oversee ESG issues, integrating them into strategic planning and risk management initiatives.

How Can BoardRoom Assist You with ESG Reporting and SME Grants?

Navigating the complexities of ESG reporting demands precise data collection, reporting, and analysis. BoardRoom’s ESG Access offers a comprehensive software solution tailored to simplify sustainability reporting for companies in Singapore.

ESG Access presents an array of tools that streamline data requests, response collection, and evidence gathering, ensuring seamless access and collaboration to essential information. The software incorporates functionalities for reviewing, validating, and auditing, empowering stakeholders to contribute, review, and endorse reporting timelines, all within a unified platform. Entity reporting allows you to easily organise users into groups (entities) and control/assign ESG metrics specific to each group, so you can improve decision making, identify growth opportunities and manage group risks. Additionally, it allows you to craft and personalise your sustainability reporting to align with the specific requirements of your stakeholders.

SMEs in Singapore can leverage the Enterprise Development Grant (EDG)  to offset costs associated with ESG services provided by BoardRoom. This grant enhances accessibility and affordability for SMEs seeking to improve their sustainability practices while complying with ESG reporting standards. 

Get a free 7-day trial on our ESG Access reporting software now.

Contact BoardRoom for more information:

Tina Thomas_profile

Tina Thomas

Head of Environmental, Social and Governance

E: [email protected]

T: +65 6536 5355

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The Importance of Due Diligence in ESG

The Importance of Due Diligence in ESG

The Importance of Due Diligence in ESG

In today’s business landscape, Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) considerations are gaining importance among investors and consumers in Singapore. Conducting due diligence in ESG is essential for informed decision-making, fostering sustainable practices, and enhancing transparency and trust. Explore the significance of ESG due diligence and its impact on corporate reputation, financial outcomes, and capital access. Gain valuable insights into ESG principles, the due diligence process, and the common challenges encountered by organisations in Singapore.

What is ESG?

ESG, which stands for Environmental, Social, and Governance, represents a comprehensive evaluation framework for assessing a company’s performance across these three dimensions:

Examining the environmental aspect involves assessing how a company’s operations and products impact the environment, including considerations like carbon emissions, waste management strategies, and resource consumption.
The social dimension of ESG evaluates the company’s influence on its employees, customers, and the local community. This entails fair treatment and diversity among employees, customer well-being and satisfaction, and active participation in community development.
Governance within ESG includes scrutinising the leadership, policies, and transparency within the company to maintain compliance with regulations, industry best practices and corporate policies. This involves factors such as board composition and diversity, executive remuneration practices, and adherence to ethical business standards.

What is Due Diligence in ESG?

Due diligence in ESG entails a comprehensive investigation and assessment of a company’s strategies and policies in these domains. This includes scrutinising the company’s impact on the environment, society, and stakeholders, along with its governance and ethical framework.

In the process of ESG due diligence, investors and businesses in Singapore analyse various aspects, including the company’s environmental footprint, waste management strategies, treatment and diversity of employees, customer safety and satisfaction, community involvement, board composition, executive compensation structure, and adherence to ethical business norms. Through this thorough examination, stakeholders determine whether the company aligns with established ESG standards and principles.

What Are the Steps in Navigating Due Diligence for ESG in Singapore?

Conducting due diligence for ESG purposes involves a structured process comprising five key steps:

Defining Objectives and Criteria

Clearly outline the priorities and criteria crucial to your organisation, covering environmental impact, social responsibility, and corporate governance. These benchmarks will shape your investigative direction.

Gathering ESG Information

Acquire comprehensive data on ESG performance, such as environmental footprint, labour standards, board diversity, and disclosure practices. Utilise diverse sources such as public disclosures, corporate reports, and third-party assessments for a well-rounded evaluation.

Information Processing

Analyse the collected data and consider the potential risks and implications associated with ESG practices.

Stakeholder Engagement

Foster direct engagement with stakeholders to gain deeper insights into the company’s operations and policies. This interactive process facilitates inquiries and addresses concerns effectively.

Evaluation and Documentation

Evaluate the company’s ESG practices based on industry standards and regulatory mandates. Document your findings and disseminate them to relevant stakeholders, including investors and shareholders. By sharing insights, you foster transparency, accountability and facilitate potential positive transformations within the organisation.

Due diligence

Why Is Due Diligence Important in ESG?

1. Making Informed Choices and Mitigating Risks

Thoroughly examining a company’s environmental, social, and governance practices is essential for aligning with ESG standards and principles. This approach enables stakeholders to make decisions that embrace not only financial gains but also the company’s sustainability and ethical footprint. Identifying potential environmental, social, or governance concerns empowers investors and businesses to make informed and prudent choices, preventing potential financial and reputation-related risks.

2. Driving Positive Transformation

By meticulously documenting findings, stakeholders can hold companies accountable for their impact on the environment, society, and governance. This accountability encourages companies to adopt more sustainable and ethical approaches. This accelerates a ripple effect where companies strive to enhance their ESG standings, fostering a more sustainable and ethical business environment.

3. Fostering Trust and Transparency

By disseminating findings to relevant stakeholders, including investors, shareholders, and the company itself, there’s enhanced transparency and accountability regarding ESG practices. This promotes trust among stakeholders and bolsters the company’s reputation as a responsible corporate citizen.

4. Ensuring Regulatory Adherence

In Singapore, companies are bound by various laws and regulations, such as the Environmental Protection and Management Act and the Companies Act, which mandate transparency and disclosure of ESG practices. Non-compliance can lead to legal consequences and tarnished reputations for companies.

Singapore due diligence process

Common ESG Due Diligence Challenges in Singapore

While conducting due diligence for ESG is imperative for businesses, several challenges may arise during the process:

Limited or Inconsistent Data Availability
Obtaining reliable and consistent data poses a significant challenge in ESG due diligence. Many companies either do not disclose their ESG practices or adopt varying reporting methodologies, complicating the task of gathering accurate and comprehensive information.
Lack of Standardisation
Despite the increasing significance of ESG, the industry lacks standardisation. This absence of uniform criteria or metrics makes it difficult to compare and assess companies’ ESG practices effectively.
Time and Resource Intensiveness
Thorough ESG due diligence demands substantial time and resources. It entails extensive research, data gathering, and analysis, which can strain companies with limited resources.
Subjectivity and Bias
Evaluating a company’s practices and policies in ESG due diligence is naturally subjective and susceptible to bias. Divergent stakeholder priorities and values often hinder reaching an agreement on a company’s ESG performance.
Difficulty in Predicting Future Performance
ESG due diligence primarily focuses on a company’s current practices, making it challenging to forecast its future performance accurately. This poses a considerable challenge for investors seeking long-term investments based on ESG performance indicators.
Lack of Expertise
Effective ESG due diligence necessitates expertise across diverse fields, including environmental science, social impact, and corporate governance. Many companies may lack the necessary in-house expertise, complicating the execution of comprehensive due diligence processes.
Challenges faced in ESG due diligence

How BoardRoom Supports ESG Due Diligence in Singapore with SME Grant Assistance

Conducting ESG due diligence presents challenges, especially in precise data collection, reporting, and analysis. BoardRoom’s team of experienced ESG professionals have the expertise in multiple APAC jurisdictions to help you help you develop and implement a tailor-made ESG strategy for your business, supporting ongoing sustainability and profitability as a result.

Our ESG advisory service includes helping you identify relevant ESG risks and opportunities, setting ESG targets, creating sustainability reports, conducting a materiality assessment, drafting a sustainability policy for your company and ESG due diligence.
Contact us for a consultation now.

Contact BoardRoom for more information:

Tina Thomas_profile

Tina Thomas

Head of Environmental, Social and Governance

E: [email protected]

T: +65 6536 5355

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Our guide to Performance Share Plans (PSP)

Our guide to Performance Share Plans (PSP)

Our guide to Performance Share Plans (PSP)

Performance Share Plans (PSP) serve as a strategic tool for companies aiming to align employee performance with organisational success. This comprehensive incentive program grants employees shares based on predetermined performance criteria.

Introduction of Performance Share Plan (PSP)

In this guide to Performance Share Plans, we explore the various aspects of this incentive structure. From understanding its core functionality to navigating the diverse benefits it offers, we provide insights into the establishment requirements, tax implications, and associated risks.

How Performance Share Plans Function

A Performance Share Plan (PSP) is an executive compensation strategy that aligns the interests of company leaders with overall organisational success. In a PSP, executives receive awards in the form of shares, and these awards are contingent on achieving predefined performance targets. The performance is typically measured against specific financial, operational, or strategic metrics. As executives meet or exceed these goals, they unlock shares, creating a direct link between their performance and financial rewards.

ESOP vs. shares_ how they differ

Advantages of Performance Shares

Performance Share Plans (PSPs) offer several benefits. They serve as strong incentives by directly tying executive rewards to the company’s performance, motivating executives to contribute to overall success. PSPs also encourage a focus on long-term goals, fostering sustained achievements. Moreover, they help retain talent by giving executives a stake in the company’s success, reducing turnover. These plans provide a clear and measurable way to evaluate executive performance, creating a results-driven culture. In essence, implementing PSPs strategically enhances organisational performance and strengthens the connection between executive leadership and corporate success.

Types of Performance Shares

Performance Shares come in various types, offering flexibility for companies to tailor incentive structures to their specific needs.

Here are some common types of Performance Shares:

Time-Based Performance Shares
Time-Based Performance Shares provide executives with shares based on a set schedule, not contingent on specific performance metrics. Executives receive an initial share allocation upon grant, and these shares vest gradually over a specified period, often tied to their tenure. The vesting schedule can be structured annually, quarterly, or as per another specified timeframe, encouraging executives to stay, especially in industries prioritising employee retention where measuring specific performance metrics might be challenging.
Performance-Vesting Shares
Performance-vesting shares blend time-based and performance-based vesting in equity compensation. Unlike traditional time-based vesting, where shares vest on a set schedule, these shares require executives to meet specific performance targets within a designated time period. Vesting hinges on predefined metrics like financial goals or stock price targets. Executives receive a share grant, and full vesting depends on meeting or surpassing established benchmarks. This aligns executive compensation with company performance, linking rewards to strategic achievements. Balancing long-term commitment (time-based) with contributions to the company’s success (performance-based) motivates executives to drive positive outcomes.
Relative Total Shareholder Return (TSR) Shares
Relative Total Shareholder Return (TSR) Shares tie executive rewards to the company’s stock performance compared to peers. Executives earn shares based on the total shareholder return relative to a selected group of peer companies. Calculation involves measuring the company’s stock price appreciation and dividend yield against predefined peers over a specified period. Outperformance results in a higher share allocation, while underperformance may reduce or eliminate the allocation. This aligns executive compensation with the company’s market performance, encouraging strategies that enhance shareholder value compared to industry competitors. Relative TSR Shares offer a performance-oriented incentive, fostering a competitive drive among executives for superior results in the market.
Factors to consider before implementing ESOPs

Requirement To Establish a PSP

Establishing a Performance Share Plan in Singapore involves a comprehensive approach. Firstly, in the design phase, clear objectives must be defined, aligning them with the company’s overarching goals. Additionally, specifying performance metrics that determine share or cash allocations is crucial. Legal and regulatory compliance is vital, requiring adherence to regulations set by the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority (ACRA) and the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS).

Transparent communication with employees is essential, detailing the criteria for earning shares, the potential value of the awards, and clarity on vesting schedules and conditions. Employee eligibility is determined based on factors like job level, performance, and tenure, and the plan’s scope may include all employees or specific groups. Establishing performance metrics involves outlining key indicators relevant to the company’s objectives. Defining a vesting period with a graded approach encourages employee retention. Valuation methods for PSP awards, whether in shares or cash equivalents, need to be consistent and fair.

Efficient administration and record-keeping systems, potentially utilising specialised software are essential. Understanding tax implications for both the company and employees is important, involving consultation with tax professionals for compliance with Singapore’s tax laws. Obtaining board approval aligning with the company’s overall compensation strategy is the final step, ensuring the success of the PSP in motivating employees and aligning their interests with the company’s performance. Consulting legal, financial, and HR professionals is advisable throughout the design and implementation phases to ensure a seamless process.

Explore our comprehensive ESOP platform that simplifies the management and administration of your Performance Share Plan (PSP).

Tips for successful share scheme execution

Tax Treatment of PSP

The tax treatment of a Performance Share Plan (PSP) varies by locations and design features, with key considerations:

Taxable Event
Receipt of performance shares is often non-taxable; taxation typically occurs upon vesting when shares become transferable.
Taxation Upon Vesting
Upon vesting, ordinary income tax may apply on the shares’ fair market value, treated as compensation in taxable income.
Capital Gains Tax
Selling vested shares may incur capital gains tax, potentially more favourable than ordinary income tax rates.
Timing of Taxation
Taxation timing varies, some tax gains at vesting, others at sale.
Withholding Requirements
Taxation timing varies, some tax gains at vesting, others at sale.
Employee Deductions
Taxation timing varies, some tax gains at vesting, others at sale.
Social Security and Medicare Taxes
Taxation timing varies, some tax gains at vesting, others at sale.
International Considerations
Multinational companies face complexity due to diverse tax laws; compliance with international tax regulations is crucial.

Restriction and Risk on Performance Share

Implementing a Performance Share Plan (PSP) comes with certain restrictions and risks that require careful consideration:

Regulatory Compliance
Adhering to local and international regulatory requirements is crucial to avoid legal issues. Non-compliance may lead to penalties and reputational damage.
Shareholder Dilution
Offering performance shares may dilute existing shareholders’ ownership. Striking a balance between rewarding employees and maintaining shareholder value is essential.
Market Volatility
Fluctuations in the stock market can impact the value of performance shares. Participants may experience lower-than-expected returns if the market performs poorly.
Performance Metrics Ambiguity
Unclear or subjective performance metrics may lead to disputes. Defining precise and measurable criteria is essential to ensure fairness and transparency.
Employee Retention Challenges
While PSPs aim to retain talent, there’s a risk that employees might leave before the shares vest, resulting in unused allocations.
Communication and Understanding
Inadequate communication about the PSP details can lead to misunderstandings among employees, affecting morale and the effectiveness of the plan.
Financial Performance Dependency
PSPs tie rewards to the company’s financial performance. Poor performance may result in lower returns for participants, impacting their motivation.
Tax Implications
Tax regulations can change, affecting the tax treatment of performance shares. Staying informed about tax laws is essential to avoid unexpected financial consequences.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Can performance shares decrease in value?

The value of performance shares can decrease. The value of performance shares is often tied to the company’s stock price or other predetermined performance metrics. If the company’s stock price declines or if the predetermined performance goals are not met, the value of the performance shares can decrease. This is a risk associated with performance-based compensation plans, as the value is contingent on the company’s overall performance.

Are there tax implications for receiving performance shares?

Yes, there are tax implications for receiving performance shares. The taxation of performance shares can vary based on the jurisdiction and specific tax regulations. In many cases, taxation occurs when the performance shares vest or when the recipient sells the shares. In some jurisdictions, the value of the performance shares at the time of vesting may be treated as ordinary income, subject to income tax.

Can performance share plans be customised for different employees?

PSP in Singapore can be customised for different employees. Companies often tailor PSPs to align with their organisational goals, individual roles, and employee preferences. Customisation may involve varying performance metrics, vesting periods, or the number of shares granted based on factors such as seniority, job responsibilities, or performance expectations.

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Why Your Business Needs Accounting Services in Singapore


Why Your Business Needs Accounting Services in Singapore

Accounting is one of the essential functions your business requires for robust financial management, no matter how small or large your company is. However, many business owners still engage an in-house accounting team to take care of these tasks. This not only takes up their valuable time but also heightens the risk of compliance issues that could cost their business in the long run. 30% of Singapore start-ups fail within the first three years, and poor financial management is one of the principal causes.

In Singapore, there are a number of accounting requirements your business needs to fulfil if they don’t want to be penalised, which could be stressful for your company to manage and be compliant with if you are low on resources.

This is where outsourced accounting services rise to the forefront. Outsourcing professional accounting services offers a multitude of benefits that go beyond just bookkeeping. These services help facilitate the financial operations and planning of your company, allowing for better management, cash flow, and compliance, whilst giving you more time to focus on your core business goals.

Discover what different types of accounting services are essential for business success, ranging from advisory to tax filing, and why getting them outsourced to a reputable accounting firm is pivotal to propelling your company to even greater heights.

Types of accounting services

There are numerous services that fall under the blanket of accounting, all of which need to be paid careful attention to in order for your business to run smoothly and efficiently. When you engage an outsourced accounting service provider, you should ensure they can deliver the following essentials:

  • Tax Accounting & Planning: Supports with all taxation-related matters, including but not limited to tax filing, tax preparation, and tax strategy.
  • Bookkeeping: Provides regular maintenance of all your company’s important records, reports, statements, and so on.
  • Statutory & Governmental Compliance Reporting: Ensures your company is operating in accordance with local laws, such as preparing financial statements in XBRL format.
  • Management Accounting: Conducts business analysis, identifies trends and opportunities, and advises on long-term strategies.

Accounting services: understanding why to outsource

What with all the different components of accounting, a high level of effort and expertise is required in order to carry out all these tasks correctly and in a timely fashion. Doing this in-house could prove to be a huge strain on many businesses, potentially resulting in errors and inefficiencies. By outsourcing these services to a professional accounting team, your company can effectively relieve all of these stresses, giving you access to individuals proficient in various areas of accounting, be it tax management or bookkeeping. This opens up the possibility of a range of benefits for your business, such as:

  • Staying compliant with statutory requirements and regulations
  • Saving on hiring costs and recruitment training time
  • Enjoying professional accounting advisory services from experts in the field
  • Gaining a clearer picture of your company’s financial health to make informed decisions
  • Maximising your tax savings and deductions
  • Establishing an organised and automated accounting flow

What is the upside of accounting advisory services?

Accounting advisory services guarantee your business gets the best, most credible advice on any accounting issues you need to handle, no matter how technical or specific these instances may be. By nature, professional accountants have extensive knowledge of all aspects of financial reporting processes in accordance with local laws, which includes the Singapore Financial Reporting Standards (SFRS). They will also keep your business up-to-date with all the latest rules and regulations, making sure you know what is going on at all times, and thus ensuring you stay compliant in a field that is constantly evolving and changing.

What can accounting and bookkeeping services do for my business?

Bookkeepers in an accounting firm can help you to keep a record of general ledger reports, trial balances, profit and loss statements, balance sheets and schedules.

Bookkeeping also involves bank reconciliations, which compares your accounting data to what the bank has recorded, helping to identify any discrepancies in your records or possible transaction errors.

An accounting firm doing your bookkeeping also ensures that all relevant documents and information (financial statements, tax computation and supporting schedules, comprehensive profit and loss statements) are kept for easy reference. This helps to speed up the retrieval of documents for statutory reporting and filing of taxes.

With thorough and updated bookkeeping services, you can swiftly identify problems related to revenue and cash flow early, helping to avoid any adverse impacts on your business if otherwise left unchecked.

Why does my company need statutory accounting and tax compliance reporting services?

As your business grows, there will be a myriad of legal obligations your company has to comply with. These obligations include the notification of changes of share capital if new shareholders or directors are added or removed, as well as the meeting of tax and accounting requirements that could change depending on your business model and activities.

Another key obligation is the filing of year-end financial statements and board resolutions that are needed by Singapore’s Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority (ACRA).

A credible accounting firm assists you in the understanding of convoluted statutory requirements and ensures that you comply with the laws.

The last thing you want is an audit by IRAS digging through your past records, wasting even more of your resources and time or worse – issuing a hefty fine to your company for non-compliance and/or errors!

How can tax and accounting planning services help my business?

While staying compliant is of critical importance, outsourcing your tax and accounting services in Singapore allows you to enjoy tax breaks and exemptions that you might have been unaware of, whilst helping you develop long-term planning strategies to help you achieve significant tax savings over time.

To claim certain tax rebates and business expense deductions, you must meet a set of qualifying conditions. Many nuances are involved in obtaining these deductions successfully and legally.

Moreover, if you conduct business overseas, there are numerous tax treaties that you may be unfamiliar with. This could lead to double taxation, causing you to pay more taxes than you need to.

A professional accounting firm can advise you on all the tax benefits you are entitled to along with helping you obtain them so that you minimise costs and keep profits high.

If your business is spread across different locations, these services can also evaluate the tax consequences of cross-border transactions to improve your company’s tax position, having a breadth of knowledge of different jurisdictions. In short, they are readily equipped to support and advise on all your tax accounting needs.

How will management accounting services help my business?

Accounting doesn’t just keep you compliant with regulations, it is also a component of good business management that can help your company to grow.

A regional accounting firm has management accountants that can conduct a business analysis of past and present accounting data, as well as help analyse different sales channels, products, services, marketing activities and business models.

Management accountants will analyse the basic data and make forecasts, budgets, performance measurements and plans, then present them to senior management to assist in its operational decision making. A management accountant may also identify trends and opportunities for improvement, improvement, analyse and manage risk, arrange the funding and financing of operations and monitor and enforce compliance.

By staying up to date with industry trends, management accounting can provide and advise on long-term strategies that enable you to surpass your competitors and achieve your business objectives.

Do accounting services include accounting software?

As part of their service offerings, some outsourced accounting firms use specialised accounting software to streamline business operations – such as Xero Cloud Accounting System, which BoardRoom can help set your business up with as a Xero Platinum Partner.

It takes more than just getting the software set up in order to boost your accounting efficiencies, which is why working with a team of experts who are well-versed in the accounting system’s implementation is crucial. By assisting with set-up and optimisation, your company can then fully leverage the benefits of accounting software, whilst having peace of mind that your financial data has been transferred securely and correctly.

Choose BoardRoom as your outsourced accounting services provider in Singapore

Whether you’re running an SME or are part of a multinational organisation, hopefully this article has helped you better understand why your business will appreciate the advantages of outsourced accounting services.

At Boardroom, we are experts in accounting, helping companies from corporations to fast-growing SMEs, with their accounting outsourcing, allowing them to focus on what matters – growing their business and getting more clients.

From handling tax accounting to managing statutory compliance reporting for companies in Singapore and across Asia-Pacific, we help companies with our full suite of accounting services, allowing them to remain compliant, maximise their tax benefits and stay organised in their bookkeeping.Contact us today and empower your organisation with greater freedom through our accounting solutions.

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